Varicose Veins: Causes, Symptoms, Home Remedies

varicose veins

Varicose veins are twisted dilated veins. Any peripheral vein may be diseased, but usually, the affected blood vessels are in your legs. It is because standing upright and walking increases the pressure on your body lower blood vessels.

They are often blue or purple in color and can be seen through the skin. Varicose veins occur when the valves in the veins that help blood flow back to the heart become weak or damaged, causing blood to pool in the veins and leading to their enlargement.

Varicose veins can cause discomfort, pain, and aching in the legs, as well as itching, swelling, and a feeling of heaviness or fatigue. In some cases, they may also lead to more serious complications, such as blood clots or ulcers.

Risk factors for varicose veins include age, genetics, obesity, pregnancy, and a sedentary lifestyle. Treatment options include lifestyle changes (such as exercise, weight loss, and avoiding prolonged periods of standing or sitting), compression stockings, and medical procedures (such as sclerotherapy, laser treatment, or vein stripping).

It is important to consult a healthcare provider if you experience symptoms of varicose veins, as they can provide a proper diagnosis and recommend the best course of treatment.

For most people, spider and varicose veins – a simple, gentle transformation of varicose veins – are just aesthetic concerns. Varicose veins can cause pain and discomfort. Sometimes varicose can cause more severe problems.

It believed that more than 23% of adults have varicose veins. About 1 to 4 people in the United States have varicose veins.

Varicose veins Causes

When the veins do not work correctly, Varicose veins will occur. The veins have a one-way valve that prevents blood from flowing back. When these valves fail, blood begins to pool in the veins instead of moving to your heart. Then the veins become thin. Varicose veins often affect the feet. The veins are far from your heart, and gravity makes it difficult for blood to flow upward.

Some possible causes of varicose veins include:

  • pregnancy
  • menopause
  • age over 50
  • standing for long periods
  • obesity
  • family history.

Many people have no physical symptoms of varicose veins. Perhaps they are worried about the cosmetic appearance of the valvular veins.

Symptoms of varicose veins:

Some people may complain of dull pain and a feeling of pressure in the varicose.

Varicose Venis has some of the less common but more severe symptoms of varicose veins may be bleeding, thrombophlebitis (formation of a varicose vein thrombus), skin ulcer and tear dermatitis, or stasis dermatitis. With prolonged venous disease, the skin can become fibrous and spots, forming an inverted “hourglass” appearance. These problems of varicose veins should be checked by a doctor immediately.



Painful lesions are formed on the skin near the blood vessels, especially the ankle. Usually, a spotted spot starts on the skin before the ulcer develops. If you suspect that an ulcer has developed, consult your doctor immediately.

Blood clots

Sometimes, the deep veins spread inside the legs. In these cases, the affected leg becomes painful and swollen. Any persistent leg pain or swelling requires medical attention as it refers to blood clotting, known medically as thrombophlebitis.


Veins that are too close to the skin may rupture. It usually causes only minor bleeding. But any bleeding requires medical help.


Physical examination by the doctor, mostly blind, determines whether a patient has varicose veins. The patient asked to stand while the doctor examines for signs of inflammation.

The following diagnostic tests indicate:

  • Doppler test: Ultrasound examination of the direction of blood flow in a vein. This test also checks for blood clots or venous obstruction.

Duplex Color Ultrasound – Provides color pictures of the structure of the vein to help your doctor diagnose any abnormalities. It can also estimate the speed of blood flow.

The patient may also be asked about symptoms. The doctor may refer the to a vascular specialist for some cases.

Home Remedies for Varicose Veins

While there are medical treatments available for varicose veins, there are also several home remedies that can help alleviate symptoms and promote better circulation in the affected veins. Here are a few home remedies for varicose veins:

Exercise regularly

Regular exercise can improve blood circulation and help strengthen the muscles in the legs, reducing the pressure on the veins. Low-impact exercises like walking, cycling, and swimming are best.

Elevate your legs

Elevating the legs above the heart for 15-20 minutes several times a day can help reduce swelling and relieve pain.

Wear compression stockings

Compression stockings can help support the veins and reduce swelling. They come in different levels of compression, so it’s best to talk to your doctor to determine which is right for you.

Maintain a healthy weight

Being overweight or obese can put additional pressure on the veins, so maintaining a healthy weight can help alleviate symptoms.

Eat a healthy diet

A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein can help reduce inflammation and promote healthy circulation.

Avoid prolonged sitting or standing

If you have a job that requires prolonged sitting or standing, take frequent breaks to move around and stretch your legs.

Remedies for Varicose Veins

Apple cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is a great remedy treatment for varicose veins. It is a natural product that cleanses the body and also improves blood circulation.

When the blood begins to flow naturally, the weight and swelling of varicose veins are significantly reduced.

Apply undissolved apple cider vinegar to the skin and massage gently into the affected area. Do this every day before bed and after the morning. Follow this medication for several months to reduce the size of the varicose.

Cayenne Pepper

Cayenne pepper is also a miracle cure for varicose veins. Cayenne peppers are a great source of vitamin C and bioflavonoids, which increase blood circulation and reduce congestion and swollen veins.

Mix a spoonful of fennel pepper powder in a cup of hot water and stir well.

Drink this mixture three times a day for one or two months.

Olive Oil

Increased blood flow is essential for treating varicose veins. Massaging the skin with olive oil increases blood flow and relieves pain and inflammation.

Add equal amounts of olive oil and vitamin E oil and heat gently. Massage the veins with hot oil for a few minutes. Do this twice a day for a month or two.

Read More: Olive oil for Dark Lips


Garlic is great for reducing inflammation and symptoms of varicose veins. It also helps break down harmful toxins in blood fats and improve blood circulation.

Cut six garlic cloves into place and place in a clean glass pot.

Squeeze the juice from three oranges and mix them in a pot. Also, add two tablespoons of oil.

Leave this mixture for about 12 hours.

Stir the pot and then put a few drops of the solution on your fingers. Massage the solution for 15 minutes in circular motions into the resulting veins.

Wrap the area with a cotton cloth and leave it overnight.

Repeat every day for a few months.

Butcher’s Broom

The butcher broom is excellent for relieving varicose veins pain and discomfort. This herb contains a compound called Rascogenin (RUS) which helps in reducing inflammation while narrowing the blood vessels.

Take 100 mg butcher broom supplements three times a day. Taken from the roots and seeds of the plant, the ingredients of the butcher contain vitamins B and C along with calcium, potassium, magnesium, manganese, selenium, chromium, silicon and zinc.

These nutrients help to suppress, strengthen and reduce inflammation in the veins and improve blood flow in the legs.

Note: If you have high blood pressure or benign prostatic hyperplasia, you should not buy Butcher Broom without consulting a doctor.

Witch Hazel

The Witch hazelnut is ideal for strengthening blood vessels and reducing the symptoms of varicose veins. In addition to bleeding, it also contains gallic acid and essential oils, which help reduce the swelling and pain associated with varicose veins.

Immerse yourself in the costume of the magic witch and put it on the victim. Do this method two times a day for a month or two.

If not, fill a tub with hot water and add 10-20 drops of distilled hazelnut. Soak your feet in the solution tub for at least 15 minutes. Then wash and dry your feet with clean water.

Apply for this medicine every day for a month or two.

Horse Chestnut Seeds

From centuries Horse chestnut seeds have been used to treat varicose veins. Horse chestnut seeds have anti-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory action, which successfully increases the “venous tone”, as well as reducing the appearance of varicose veins. Horse chestnut seed extract contains a compound called eosin, which increases the elasticity of blood vessels and inhibits the release of enzymes that damage capillary walls. Horse chestnut seed jelly is available in most markets.

Rub the gel on the affected area two times in a day. When used regularly, it can significantly reduce foot pain and swelling.

Note: Pregnant women should not use horse chestnut seeds.


Parsley is rich in vitamin C. It promotes the production of powerful antioxidants and collagen. It also aids in cell repair and regeneration. Parsley contains rutin, which plays an important role in strengthening capillaries and thus in reducing the symptoms of varicose veins.

Boil the chopped fresh parsley in a cup of water for five minutes.

Remove from heat, cover and allow the solution to cool moderately. Then filter the solution.

Add a drop of essential oil to each rose and marigold.

Place the solution in the refrigerator for a few minutes. By using a cotton ball gently apply the solution on the affected area. Repeat this method till you get positive results.


It’s important to note that while these remedies may help alleviate symptoms, they are not a substitute for medical treatment. If you experience severe pain or swelling, or if you are concerned about the appearance of your veins, it’s important to consult a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment.

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