What is Dragon Fruit: How to Eat, Benefits and Nutrition

What is Dragon Fruits

Dragon fruit other names are pitahaya or strawberry pear. Tropical fruit is known for its red skin and sweet, seed-spotted pulp.

On the Hylocereus cactus grows the cavity of the dragon fruits, also known as the queen, whose flowers open only at night.

Majorly this dragon plant grows in southern Mexico & Central America. Now it available throughout the world. In the 19th century, the French brought dragon fruit to south Asia.

Dragon fruit is juicy with a slightly sweet taste that some describe as a cross between a kiwi, a pear, and a watermelon. The seeds have a nutty flavor.

Dragon fruits contains 60 calories each and is high in vitamins C, B1, B2, and B3 and minerals such as iron, calcium, and phosphorus. It is one of the “super fruits”.

How to Eat Dragon Fruits?

  • Pick bright red, even-skinned ripe fruits and give them a little bit of crunch.
  • Using a sharp knife and cut straight through the fruit, cut it in half.
  • You can eat a tablespoon of fruit or peel off the skin and cut the pulp into small pieces.

Nutrition’s Facts:

It is easy to explain why this tropical fruit is a star for your health. Not only is it low in calories, but it is also an excellent source of fiber, magnesium, and riboflavin.

Other parts of the fruit also boast other nutrients; For example, nuts contain healthy fats, which are a good source of skin fiber.

Nutrients: 100 grams of pitaya has

60 calories

  • 13 grams carbohydrates
  • 2 grams protein
  • 3 grams dietary fiber
  • 40 milligrams magnesium (10 percent DV)
  • milligrams riboflavin (8 percent DV)
  • 7 milligrams iron (4 percent DV)
  • 5 milligrams vitamin C (3 percent DV)
  • 4 milligrams niacin (2 percent DV)
  • 18 milligrams calcium(1 percent DV)

What are the types:

There are different types of pitaya, each with a different taste and appearance, and common types are as follows.

Yellow dragon fruits– white flesh and black seeds. It is known as pitaya Amarilla.

White dragon Fruits– Vibrant Pink skin, white flesh, and inside with black seeds It is known as Pitaya Blanca

Red Dragon Fruits– It has reddish-pink skin and red flesh, black seeds inside. It is known as Pitaya Roja

What are the Benefits of Dragon Fruits

Fights Ageing Skin

Dragon fruit has excellent source of antioxidants that can treat sunburn, dry skin and acne. Vitamin C content helps to look younger. You can make Dragon Fruit Juice and drink it once a day for radiant skin.

Related: How to get rid of acne at Home

Prevent diabetes

Fruits are high in fiber, which helps maintain blood sugar levels and prevents problems in diabetics. Eating this fruit regularly can help balance blood sugar levels and prevent further medical effects in diabetics.

Studies have shown that it has a positive effect on oxidative stress, suggesting that it should be used to reduce diabetes-related complications. Further research on the benefits of insulin resistance in volunteer-assisted mice has found that eating dragon fruit reduces the risk of diabetes and diabetes symptoms.

Related: Best Foods for Diabetes

Boosts Immunity

Dragon Fruit is packed with flavonoids and vitamin C that help the immune system. Due to high content of antioxidants, that eliminates free radicals. It contains Calcium, Protein, Vitamin B2, B1, B3, Phosphorus, Iron, Fiber and Niacin, which help maintain a healthy immune system.

Reduces Risks of Cancer

Dragon fruits contain phytoalbumin, vitamin C and minerals, which are highly valued for their antioxidant activity and anticancer properties. It helps prevent cancer caused by lycopene content. Tomatoes contain lycopene, which gives it a wonderful color and studies show that it has a chemical effect on breast, prostate, liver, lung and skin cancers.

Good for Healthy Heart

By promoting good cholesterol, dragon fruit lowers bad cholesterol, making it a good cholesterol-lowering food. In addition, it maintains a healthy heart as a good source of monounsaturated fat. The small seeds found in dragon fruits are a source of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. Research has shown that omega-6 and omega-3 reduce triglyceride and reduce the risk of heart disease.

Good for Digestive System

Everyone knows that fiber supports the digestion of dragon fruit. It helps in bowel movement. It prevents constipation and IBS problems. You can get more fiber from the skin of the dragon fruit. It contains oligosaccharides, which act as prebiotics to aid digestion and promote digestion and gut health. Active compounds such as prebiotics in the diet can help prevent cancer, esophagus, vascular disease, hypersensitivity and degenerative diseases.

Healthy Bones

Among all other fruits Dragon fruits has more calcium, so it increases your calcium requirement to keep your bones healthy, bone mineral and prevent osteoporosis

Eye Care

According to a study published in the Journal of Food Chemistry, the beta-carotene content of these fruits can help prevent macular degeneration and cataracts and protect the eye from harmful free radicals.


Dragon fruits contain iron, B vitamins and folate which is good for pregnant women. Studies show that iron helps prevent hemoglobin deficiency and anemia. B vitamins and folate can help prevent birth defects and boost energy.

Related: Is it Safe Exercises During Pregnancy

Hair Care

If you want to keep your hair health and strong, you can add dragon fruit or dragon fruit extract powder to you daily diet. Because due to high content of nutrients helps reduce the damage done to the hair by chemicals in artificial hair color. It helps to improve the texture and make the hair shine.

Related: Benefits of Glycerin for Hair

Boost metabolism

Protein is essential for maintaining healthy body function. Dragon fruit is a great source of protein. Proteins are metabolized by enzymes in the body, repairing the cell, strengthening metabolic functions, helping with weight loss and increasing muscle mass.

Prevent bacteria

Dragon fruits have antibacterial and antifungal properties that increase immunity. It increases the number of white blood cells in the body, protects the body from toxins and prevents bacteria and viruses from multiplying in the immune system. It promotes cell recovery and increases pain and soreness.

Improves Respiration

If you are suffering from asthma such as asthma, it is time to include dragon fruit to your diet. Dragon fruit capsules are available in providing vitamin C and antioxidants. There is some evidence that high levels of fruits and leaves have a positive effect on respiratory problems.

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